Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes

Also known as gestational diabetes mellitus, or GDM, gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that affects pregnant women. Recently announced statistics estimate that gestational diabetes affects up to 18% of all pregnancies.

Although risk factors aid in determining the chance of developing GDM, about half of all those afflicted had no risk factors whatsoever. Whether or not symptoms subside with the conclusion of pregnancy is irrelevant in the diagnosis of GDM.

Symptoms Of Gestational Diabetes

Patients usually show no symptoms of gestational diabetes. Doctors will test most patients who are at average risk when they are between 24-28 weeks pregnant. If your risk factor is higher than average, your doctor may test you earlier, sometimes as soon as you become pregnant.

Some patients may show some symptoms of untreated diabetes including:

  • Frequent thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue

Risks Of Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes poses a significant risk to both child and mother. Most of these risks are directly related to the elevated levels of glucose in the blood, and the severity increases as the blood glucose concentration gets more extreme. For the child, the extra sugar may cause certain growth abnormalities, macrosomic or microsomic, chemical imbalances at birth , such as low blood calcium and magnesium or abnormally high red blood cell count, jaundice or respiratory distress.

Treatment Of Gestational Diabetes

Treatment of gestational diabetes is directed towards reducing the inherent risks to mother and child. The most common method is counseling, in which the mother learns to control sugar intake through diet and moderate exercise. Self-monitoring blood glucose levels and medication may be given to women exhibiting multiple risk factors.

If these methods prove to be inadequate, insulin therapy may be employed.

COVID-19 Update:

Practice protocols are being adjusted to protect our patients, staff, and loved ones. Please reference below information for guidance.
  • Telemedicine is now offered to patients for qualified appointment types, please call our office to schedule.
  • Have an appointment and concerned about COVID-19: All necessary precautions are being taken for the safety of our patients. OB appointments are being kept with some restrictions for prevention. If you have a wellness exam or other gynecological concerns, please contact our office for scheduling options.
  • Staying prepared for COVID-19: Our office is up to date with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommendations. We are closely monitoring this evolving situation and our leadership and clinicians are in constant communication to strategize proactively in order to maintain readiness.
  • Resources: The CDC has resourceful information regarding: Pregnancy, breastfeeding, prevention, symptoms, and much more! Click on the link for additional information:
Please contact the office with any questions or concerns. On behalf of your providers and staff, we look forward to seeing you stay healthy!

Call Us: 301.530.2235